The national infrastructure ICOS Sweden (www.icos-sweden.se ) is the Swedish contribution to ICOS RI. ICOS Sweden is a consortium of six partners – Lund University (host), University of Gothenburg, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala University, Stockholm University and The Polar Research Secretariat.
ICOS RI (www.icos-ri.eu) is a pan-European research infrastructure, which provides long-term measurements of harmonized and high precision scientific data on greenhouse gas fluxes in the atmosphere, over the ocean, and at the ecosystem level. ICOS RI is coordinated and integrated by the ICOS European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC). ICOS ERIC was established by the decision of the European Commission in November 2015, with the statutory seat in Finland. ICOS is one of 13 currently existing ERICs. At present, ICOS RI is running over 100 stations in 12 countries.
Ecosystem stations measure fluxes of CO2, CH4, H2O and heat, together with the ecosystem variables needed to understand the processes behind the exchange of energy and greenhouse gases between the ecosystems and the atmosphere.
Atmosphere stations continuously measure greenhouse gas concentrations of CO2, CH4, CO and radiocarbon-CO2 in the atmosphere due to regional and global fluxes.
Ocean stations consist of a network of ships and fixed stations monitoring the carbon exchange between the surface ocean and the atmosphere, along with other variables such as ocean acidification, surface temperature and salinity.
ICOS Sweden is running 10 measurement stations – six ecosystem stations, three atmospheric stations and one marine station. Lund runs four of these stations – the forest sites Hyltemossa and Norunda that has one Ecosystem station and one Atmosphere station each. For the coming funding period, SMHI will join ICOS Sweden with FerryBox measurements on a ship cruising the Baltic Sea.
ICOS Sweden data are submitted to the ICOS Carbon Portal (www.ICOS-CP.eu). ICOS Sweden data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international licence, which provides full open access following the FAIR principles.
All data productas are available through the ICOS Carbon Portal. ICOS Sweden data is available as near real time (NRT) data (machine controlled data sets, level 1 data). ICOS data, measured and processed following the ICOS protocols are available as NRT level 1 data and final quality controlled data products (level 2). Elaborated products are also produced through the ICOS Carbon Portal (Level 3).
Physical access is provided to the all ICOS Sweden sites for researchers’ field work, courses and excursions.
ICOS Sweden Board: Leif Anderson (GU) (Chair), Marko Scholze (LU), Hannele Hakola (FMI), Håkan Olsson (SLU), Birgitta Resvik (Fortum), Anke Thoss (SMHI)
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