The CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project will coordinate efforts towards developing a European monitoring capacity for
anthropogenic CO2 emissions. This challenging target is aligned with the European Commission’s stepwise approach for a
requirement-driven integration of Earth observations, from remote sensing and in situ, with enhanced modelling capabilities
for CO2 fossil fuel emissions, along with other natural and anthropogenic CO2 emissions and transport. The project will
pursue a consolidated methodology for integrating the monitoring system components, as well as innovation for estimating
fossil fuel CO2 fluxes. These include reconciling bottom-up and top-down constraints and handling systematic errors of
satellite sensors. Earth observations from satellites will be combined with in situ CO2 observations and information from coemitters
or isotopes to support the attribution of fossil fuel emissions and uncertainty reduction. Methodological advances will
include a representation of anthropogenic CO2 variability in space and time, responding to documented shortcomings and
needs, and a carbon cycle data assimilation system extended to enable estimates of emission uncertainties. Strategies to
separate anthropogenic CO2 emissions from biogenic fluxes at country to global scales using observations and models will
be documented. CHE will support a large community by providing a library of realistic CO2 simulations from global to city
scale to examine the capacity for monitoring future fossil fuel emissions and to adequately dimension space mission
requirements. Community building will include direct collaboration across 22 European institutions, and communication and
liaison with key European and international stakeholders. These coordination efforts will ensure the transfer of science and
technology requirements and recommendations for strengthening existing assets with a view to developing an anthropogenic
CO2 monitoring service.
Gällande start-/slutdatum2017/10/012020/12/31


  • Lunds universitet
  • European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (huvudsaklig)
  • Airbus Defence and Space SAS
  • Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change
  • German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  • Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology
  • European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
  • Thomas Herbert Kaminski
  • JRC European Union
  • Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
  • French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)
  • Max Planck Society
  • Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • National Instiute for Space Research
  • Thales Alenia Space France
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • University of East Anglia
  • University of Bremen
  • University of Leicester
  • Wageningen University


  • European Commission - Horizon 2020