A tale of 24 counties? Regional variation in female labour force participation in Sweden, 1870-1950

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Female labor force participation increased significantly during the 20thcentury, not least in Sweden. In this paper, we investigate the importance of economic, demographic and sociocultural factors in the initial increase and growth of female labor force participationover the course of industrializationusing county-level data and panel regressions.There were important spatial differences across counties in the growth of women’s employment outside the home1870-1950. We showthatstructural factors (e.g. economic conditions and demographic characteristics) are important in explaining level differences between counties in the development of female labor force participation, net of cultural factors and unionization. Economic conditions do not seem to be as important in explaining changes in female labor force participation within counties over time when cultural differences and differences in unionization are accounted for. Sociocultural aspects of modernization and unionization were very important inthe increase in female labor force participation, both across and within counties.We argue that culture as well as geography are important, yet commonly neglected, parts of both the industrialization story and of the narrative into which we fit the increase in women’s paid work outside the home.
StatusPublished - 2019
EvenemangEconomic History Society - Queen's University, Belfast
Varaktighet: 2019 apr. 52019 apr. 7


KonferensEconomic History Society

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk historia


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