TY - CHAP
T1 - Adaptive Routing with Guaranteed Delay Bounds using Safe Reinforcement Learning
AU - Nayak Seetanadi, Gautham
AU - Maggio, Martina
AU - Årzén, Karl-Erik
PY - 2020/6
Y1 - 2020/6
N2 - Time-critical networks require strict delay bounds on the transmission time of packets from source to destination. Routes for transmissions are usually statically determined, using knowledge about worst-case transmission times between nodes. This is generally a conservative method, that guarantees transmission times but does not provide any optimization for the typical case. In real networks, the typical delays vary from those considered during static route planning. The challenge in such a scenario is to minimize the total delay from a source to a destination node, while adhering to the timing constraints. For known typical and worst-case delays, an algorithm was presented to (statically) determine the policy to be followed during the packet transmission in terms of edge choices.In this paper we relax the assumption of knowing the typical delay, and we assume only worst-case bounds are available. We present a reinforcement learning solution to obtain optimal routing paths from a source to a destination when the typical transmission time is stochastic and unknown. Our reinforcement learning policy is based on the observation of the state-space during each packet transmission and on adaptation for future packets to congestion and unpredictable circumstances in the network. We ensure that our policy only makes safe routing decisions, thus never violating pre-determined timing constraints. We conduct experiments to evaluate the routing in a congested network and in a network where the typical delays have a large variance. Finally, we analyze the application of the algorithm to large randomly generated networks.
AB - Time-critical networks require strict delay bounds on the transmission time of packets from source to destination. Routes for transmissions are usually statically determined, using knowledge about worst-case transmission times between nodes. This is generally a conservative method, that guarantees transmission times but does not provide any optimization for the typical case. In real networks, the typical delays vary from those considered during static route planning. The challenge in such a scenario is to minimize the total delay from a source to a destination node, while adhering to the timing constraints. For known typical and worst-case delays, an algorithm was presented to (statically) determine the policy to be followed during the packet transmission in terms of edge choices.In this paper we relax the assumption of knowing the typical delay, and we assume only worst-case bounds are available. We present a reinforcement learning solution to obtain optimal routing paths from a source to a destination when the typical transmission time is stochastic and unknown. Our reinforcement learning policy is based on the observation of the state-space during each packet transmission and on adaptation for future packets to congestion and unpredictable circumstances in the network. We ensure that our policy only makes safe routing decisions, thus never violating pre-determined timing constraints. We conduct experiments to evaluate the routing in a congested network and in a network where the typical delays have a large variance. Finally, we analyze the application of the algorithm to large randomly generated networks.
U2 - 10.1145/3394810.3394815
DO - 10.1145/3394810.3394815
M3 - Preface to conference proceeding
SN - 978-1-4503-7593-1
SP - 149
EP - 160
BT - RTNS 2020: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Real-Time Networks and Systems
T2 - 28th International Conference on Real-Time Networks and Systems
Y2 - 9 June 2020 through 11 June 2020
ER -