Advances in NMR Spectroscopy of Weakly Aligned Biomolecular Systems

Sai Chaitanya Chiliveri, Angus J. Robertson, Yang Shen, Dennis a. Torchia, Ad Bax

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


The measurement and application of residual dipolar couplings (RDCs) in solution NMR studies of biological macromolecules has become well established over the past quarter of a century. Numerous methods for generating the requisite anisotropic orientational molecular distribution have been demonstrated, each with its specific strengths and weaknesses. In parallel, an enormous number of pulse schemes have been introduced to measure the many different types of RDCs, ranging from the most widely measured backbone amide 15N-1H RDCs, to 1H-1H RDCs and couplings between low-γnuclei. Applications of RDCs range from structure validation and refinement to the determination of relative domain orientations, the measurement of backbone and domain motions, and de novo structure determination. Nevertheless, it appears that the power of the RDC methodology remains underutilized. This review aims to highlight the practical aspects of sample preparation and RDC measurement while describing some of the most straightforward applications that take advantage of the exceptionally precise information contained in such data. Some emphasis will be placed on more recent developments that enable the accurate measurement of RDCs in larger systems, which is key to the ongoing shift in focus of biological NMR spectroscopy from structure determination toward gaining improved understanding of how molecular flexibility drives protein function.
Sidor (från-till)9307-9330
TidskriftChemical Reviews
StatusPublished - 2022 maj 25
Externt publiceradJa


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