BACKGROUND: Segmenting the whole-body somatostatin receptor-expressing tumour volume (SRETVwb) on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) images is highly time-consuming but has shown value as an independent prognostic factor for survival. An automatic method to measure SRETVwb could improve disease status assessment and provide a tool for prognostication. This study aimed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI)-based method to detect and quantify SRETVwb and total lesion somatostatin receptor expression (TLSREwb) from [ 68Ga]Ga-DOTA-TOC/TATE PET/CT images.

METHODS: A UNet3D convolutional neural network (CNN) was used to train an AI model with [ 68Ga]Ga-DOTA-TOC/TATE PET/CT images, where all tumours were manually segmented with a semi-automatic method. The training set consisted of 148 patients, of which 108 had PET-positive tumours. The test group consisted of 30 patients, of which 25 had PET-positive tumours. Two physicians segmented tumours in the test group for comparison with the AI model.

RESULTS: There were good correlations between the segmented SRETVwb and TLSREwb by the AI model and the physicians, with Spearman rank correlation coefficients of r = 0.78 and r = 0.73, respectively, for SRETVwb and r = 0.83 and r = 0.81, respectively, for TLSREwb. The sensitivity on a lesion detection level was 80% and 79%, and the positive predictive value was 83% and 84% when comparing the AI model with the two physicians.

CONCLUSION: It was possible to develop an AI model to segment SRETVwb and TLSREwb with high performance. A fully automated method makes quantification of tumour burden achievable and has the potential to be more widely used when assessing PET/CT images.

Antal sidor16
TidskriftEuropean journal of hybrid imaging
StatusPublished - 2023 aug. 7

Bibliografisk information

© 2023. The Author(s).

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
  • Cancer och onkologi

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