Association measures of claims-based algorithms for common chronic conditions were assessed using regularly collected data in Japan

Konan Hara, Jun Tomio, Thomas Svensson, Rika Ohkuma, Akiko Kishi Svensson, Tsutomu Yamazaki

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


OBJECTIVE: Although claims data are widely used in medical research, their ability to identify persons' health-related conditions has not been fully justified. We assessed the validity of claims-based algorithms (CBAs) for identifying people with common chronic conditions in a large population using annual health screening results as the gold standard.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Using a longitudinal claims database (n=523,267) combined with annual health screening results, we defined the people with hypertension, diabetes, and/or dyslipidemia by applying health screening results as their gold standard, and compared them against various CBAs.

RESULTS: By using diagnostic and medication code-based CBAs, sensitivity and specificity were 74.5% (95% Confidence Interval [CI], 74.2-74.8%) and 98.2% (98.2-98.3%) for hypertension, 78.6% (77.3-79.8%) and 99.6% (99.5-99.6%) for diabetes, and 34.5% (34.2-34.7%) and 97.2% (97.2-97.3%) for dyslipidemia, respectively. Sensitivity did not decrease substantially for hypertension (65.2% [95% CI, 64.9-65.5%]) and diabetes (73.0% [71.7-74.2%]) when we used the same CBAs without limiting to primary care settings.

CONCLUSION: We employed regularly collected data to obtain CBA association measures which are applicable to a wide range of populations. Our framework can be a basis of the validity assessment of CBAs for identifying persons' health-related conditions with regularly collected data.

Sidor (från-till)84-95
Antal sidor12
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Tidigt onlinedatum2018 mars 13
StatusPublished - 2018 juli

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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