Atomic Data Needs in Astrophysics: The Galactic Center “Scandium Mystery”

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


    Investigating the Galactic center offers unique insights into the buildup and history of our Galaxy and is a stepping stone to understand galaxies in a larger context. It is reasonable to expect that the stars found in the Galactic center might have a different composition compared to stars found in the local neighborhood around the Sun. It is therefore quite exciting when recently there were reports of unusual neutral scandium, yttrium, and vanadium abundances found in the Galactic center stars, compared to local neighborhood stars. To explain the scandium abundances in the Galactic center, we turn to recent laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations done on the atomic oscillator strengths of neutral scandium lines in the near infrared. We combine these with measurements of the hyper fine splitting of neutral scandium. We show how these results can be used to explain the reported unusual scandium abundances and conclude that in this respect, the environment of the Galactic center is not that different from the environment in the local neighborhood around the sun.
    Antal sidor7
    StatusPublished - 2020 jan.

    Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

    • Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
    • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik


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