Automated detection of tool wear in machining and characterization of its shape

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Flank wear VBmax remains one of the most essential and used metrics for measuring tool wear. VBmax is used to characterize tool wear rate, machinability of materials, the quality of machined surface. While VBmax measures the size of wear scar, the shape of the tool wear remains less used but not the least applicable for such characterization. However, quantification of the wear shape requires a more detailed information about the wear contour. This study develops an Image Processing solution for automated tool wear detection and applies Delaunay triangulation and implenarity parameter for characterizing the shape of the wear scar. Validation of the approach has been performed for machining stainless steel 316L without and with abrasive Al2O3 and SiO2 inclusions. It is shown that VBmax and area parameters of the wear scar are insensitive to wear shape, while implenarity can accurately quantify irregularity, curvature, asymmetry of the scar. The results also show a strong relationship between the tool wear shape, the hardness and size of inclusions in the steel.

StatusPublished - 2023 juni 15

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