TY - BOOK
T1 - Bandwidth-Constrained Capacity Bounds on MIMO Antennas
AU - Ehrenborg, Casimir
AU - Gustafsson, Mats
AU - Capek, Miloslav
PY - 2019/4/12
Y1 - 2019/4/12
N2 - The optimal spectral efficiency of MIMO antennas in Rayleigh and ideal channels are investigated when bandwidth requirements are placed on the antenna. By posing the problem as a convex optimization problem restricted by the port Q-factor a semi-analytical expression is formed for its solution. The antennas are simulated by method of moments and the solution is formulated both for structures fed by discrete ports, as well as for design regions characterized by an equivalent current. It is shown that this solution is solely dependent on the so-called energy modes of the antenna.These modes are compared to the characteristic modes and how to effectively excite them is investigated for a linear dipole array as well as a plate with embedded, and raised, antenna regions. The performance is illustrated through spectral efficiency over the Q-factor, a quantity that is connected to the true capacity. It is demonstrated that the Q-factor and the spectral efficiency form a Pareto trade-off bound, and that a certain Q-factor is Pareto optimal.
AB - The optimal spectral efficiency of MIMO antennas in Rayleigh and ideal channels are investigated when bandwidth requirements are placed on the antenna. By posing the problem as a convex optimization problem restricted by the port Q-factor a semi-analytical expression is formed for its solution. The antennas are simulated by method of moments and the solution is formulated both for structures fed by discrete ports, as well as for design regions characterized by an equivalent current. It is shown that this solution is solely dependent on the so-called energy modes of the antenna.These modes are compared to the characteristic modes and how to effectively excite them is investigated for a linear dipole array as well as a plate with embedded, and raised, antenna regions. The performance is illustrated through spectral efficiency over the Q-factor, a quantity that is connected to the true capacity. It is demonstrated that the Q-factor and the spectral efficiency form a Pareto trade-off bound, and that a certain Q-factor is Pareto optimal.
M3 - Report
T3 - TEAT
BT - Bandwidth-Constrained Capacity Bounds on MIMO Antennas
PB - Electromagnetic Theory Department of Electrical and Information Technology Lund University Sweden
ER -