Biomarkers of complement and platelet activation are not correlated with the one or twenty-four hours corrected count increments in prophylactically platelet transfused hematological patients: a prospective cohort study

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Sammanfattning

Platelet transfusion refractoriness is a serious clinical concern that complicates the management of thrombocytopenic patients. Previous studies have suggested a potential role for both complement and platelet activation based on in vitro analyses of platelet concentrates. In this study, the post-transfusion platelet response, as indicated by the corrected count increment at 1 and 24 h after prophylactic platelet transfusions, respectively, was correlated with the 1 h post-transfusion Δconcentration (1 h post-transfusion - pretransfusion) of complement and platelet activation biomarkers. The study was registered as a clinical trial at ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier: NCT02601131) and patients were recruited during inpatient care in the hematological department. Soluble terminal complement complexes, soluble P-selectin and soluble CD40 ligand were analyzed. Confirmed alloimmunized patients were excluded. Included subjects were either given platelet transfusions (n = 43) and categorized into four clinical study groups or included in a non-transfused control group (n = 10). In total, 54 transfusions were included. No transfusion-mediated complement activation was observed. The transfusions were associated with a significant increase in the concentration of soluble P-selectin (p < .001), primarily corresponding to the passive infusion of soluble P-selectin-containing plasma residuals. The Δconcentration of soluble P-selectin was, however, not significantly correlated with the corrected count increments. Thus, significant correlations between biomarkers of complement and platelet activation and the post-transfusion platelet response could not be demonstrated in this study.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)350-359
TidskriftPlatelets
Volym33
Nummer3
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 juli 2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2022

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Hematologi

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