Breaking out of the neoliberal market agenda? Developing expertise to support local coastal community-based fisheries in Sweden

Ida Wingren, Sebastian Linke, Milena Arias-Schreiber

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Sammanfattning


Ida Wingren
Milena Arias Schreiber
Sebastian Linke

Breaking out of the neoliberal market agenda? Developing expertise to support local coastal community-based fisheries in Sweden

Fisheries management lays bare many of the tensions and contradictions between community wellbeing and livelihoods on one hand and impositions of neoliberal market approaches to sustainability on the other. This causes problems for policy-making that tries to adhere to more holistic sustainability approaches, including social besides environmental and economic aspects, as e.g. under so-called ecosystem based fisheries management approaches.
We will highlight such tensions and contradictions with a case study on a community supported fishery in Simrishamn on the Swedish east coast. Simrishamn is one of a few remaining alive fishing communities on the Baltic coast of Sweden harboring a diversity of fishing segments including small-scale fishers. Over the last decade it has become an important place for addressing, supporting and developing community-based fisheries approaches in Sweden, as opposed to the dominant national or EU top-down management that is steered by marketization and privatization attempts. The activities are lead by the municipality of Simrishamn (http://www.simrishamn.se/sv/marint-centrum/Fokusomraden/Fiske). The initiative connects regional managers, politicians, policy-makers, scientists, local fishers and fisheries representatives from the area as well as from other parts of the country. Our study focuses on these initiatives and networks organized through the Marine Center in Simrishamn. In particular we are exploring the role of expertise that these actors need and the challenges they face when evaluating progress and presenting and planning future developments. Conceptually, we will link our empirical investigations to theoretical perspectives about “diverse economies” as discussed by Kevin St. Martin and other scholars (St.Martin 2005; Roelvink et al. 2015). In doing so, we try to reveal some conditions for economic processes and practices that focus on social and community aspects for more holistic sustainability approaches. In such approaches, alternative economic practices might be developed that foreground the needs of communities and environments, rather than the two being shaped to meet the needs of dominant neoliberal market economies.

References:
St.Martin, K. 2005. Mapping economic diversity in the First World: the case of fisheries. Environment and Planning A 37, 959-79.
Roelvink, G., K. St.Martin, and J.K. Gibson-Graham. 2015. (eds.), Making Other Worlds Possible: Performing Diverse Economies. University of Minnesota Press.
Originalspråkengelska
StatusAccepted/In press - 2018
EvenemangSecond Biennial Conference of the Political Ecology Network (POLLEN): Political Ecology, the Green Economy, and Alternative Sustainabilities - Oslo, Norge
Varaktighet: 2018 juni 202018 juni 22

Konferens

KonferensSecond Biennial Conference of the Political Ecology Network (POLLEN)
Land/TerritoriumNorge
OrtOslo
Period2018/06/202018/06/22

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk geografi

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