Bringing to light nuclear-mitochondrial insertions in the genomes of nocturnal predatory birds

Miguel Baltazar-Soares, Patrik Karell, Dominic Wright, Jan Åke Nilsson, Jon E. Brommer

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Mito-nuclear insertions, or NUMTs, relate to genetic material of mitochondrial origin that have been transferred to the nuclear DNA molecule. The increasing amounts of genomic data currently being produced presents an opportunity to investigate this type of patterns in genome evolution of non-model organisms. Identifying NUMTs across a range of closely related taxa allows one to generalize patterns of insertion and maintenance in autosomes, which is ultimately relevant to the understanding of genome biology and evolution. Here we collected existing pairwise genome-mitogenome data of the order Strigiformes, a group that includes all the nocturnal bird predators. We identified NUMTs by applying percent similarity thresholds after blasting mitochondrial genomes against nuclear genome assemblies. We identified NUMTs in all genomes with numbers ranging from 4 in Bubo bubo to 24 in Ciccaba nigrolineata. Statistical analyses revealed NUMT size to negatively correlate with NUMT's sequence similarity to with original mtDNA region. Lastly, characterizing these nuclear insertions of mitochondrial origin in a comparative genomics framework produced variable phylogenetic patterns, suggesting in some cases that insertions might pre-date speciation events within Strigiformes.

Antal sidor7
TidskriftMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
StatusPublished - 2023 apr.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Genetik
  • Evolutionsbiologi


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