We have previously shown that expression of CD40 has a favorable prognostic impact in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Here we examined the prognostic value of immunohistochemically defined CD40 expression in 95 patients with DLBCL treated with both anthracycline-based chemotherapy and rituximab. Using a 10% cut-off level, 77% of the patients had CD40-positive tumors and showed a superior overall survival (p = 0.02 log-rank, hazard ratio 0.35, 95% CI 0.14-0.88, p = 0.03 Cox regression). When adjusted for International Prognostic Index in multivariate analysis, CD40 was not an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio 0.39, 95% CI 0.15-1.04, p = 0.06 Cox regression). However, even after the introduction of immunochemotherapy, CD40 has a potential prognostic impact in DLBCL. Additional and larger studies are necessary, regarding the immunohistochemical robustness of CD40 and the biological mechanisms that contribute to the superior prognosis in CD40-expressing DLBCL.
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Pathology, (Lund) (013030000), Oncology, MV (013035000)