Cellular proteo-transcriptomic changes in the immediate early-phase of lentiviral transduction

Tamás Richárd Linkner, Viktor Ambrus, Balázs Kunkli, Zsófia Ilona Szojka, Gergő Kalló, Éva Csősz, Ajneesh Kumar, Miklós Emri, József Tőzsér, Mohamed Mahdi

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Lentivirus-based vectors derived from human immunodeficiency viruses type 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and 2) are widely used tools in research and may also be utilized in clinical settings. Like their parental virions, they are known to depend on the cellular machinery for successful gene delivery and integration. While most of the studies on cellular proteomic and transcriptomic changes have focused on the late phase of the transduction, studies of those changes in early time-points, especially in the case of HIV-2 based vectors, are widely lacking. Using second generation HIV-1 and 2 vesicular stomatitis virus G protein (VSV-G) pseudotyped lentiviral vectors, we transduced HEK-293T human embryonic kidney cells and carried out transcriptomic profiling at 0 and 2 h time points, with accompanying proteomic analysis at 2 h following transduction. Significant variations were observed in gene expression profile between HIV-1 and HIV-2 transduced samples. Thrombospondin 1 (THBS1), collagens (COL1A2, COL3A1), and eukaryotic translation factors (EIF3CL) in addition to various genes coding for long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) were significantly upregulated 2 h after HIV-2 transduction compared to HIV-1. Label-free quantification mass spectrometry (MS) indicated that seven proteins involved in RNA binding, mRNA transport, and chaperoning were significantly downregulated. The identification of cellular protein targets of lentiviral vectors and their effect on the cellular transcriptome will undoubtedly shed more light on their complex life cycle and may be utilized against infection by their parental lentiviruses. Furthermore, characterizing the early phase of HIV-2 infection may aid in the understanding of its pathomechanism and long incubation period.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer2207
TidskriftMicroorganisms
Volym9
Utgåva11
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021 nov.

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Neurovetenskaper

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