Cerebral autoregulation in infants during sevoflurane anesthesia for craniofacial surgery

Pether Jildenstål, Daniel Widarsson Norbeck, Johan Snygg, Sven Erik Ricksten, Lukas Lannemyr

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

2 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Background: Data on cerebral pressure-flow autoregulation in the youngest children are scarce. We studied the correlation between mean arterial pressure and cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in patients undergoing nose, lip, and palate surgery. Aim: We tested the hypothesis that cerebral pressure-flow autoregulation is impaired in children less than 1 year undergoing surgery and general anesthesia with sevoflurane under controlled mechanical ventilation. Method: After approval from the Ethical board, 15 children aged <1 year were included. Before anesthesia induction, a NIRS sensor (INVOSTM, Medtronic, Minneapolis, USA) was placed over the cerebral frontal lobe. Frontal rSO2, a surrogate for cerebral perfusion, mean arterial pressure, end-tidal CO2- and sevoflurane concentration, and arterial oxygen saturation were sampled every minute after the induction. A repeated measures correlation analysis was performed to study correlation between mean arterial pressure and cerebral rSO2, and the repeated measures correlation coefficient (rrm) was calculated. Results: Fifteen patients, aged 7.7 ± 1.9 months, were studied. rSO2 showed a positive correlation with mean arterial pressure ([95% CI: 9.0-12.1], P < 0.001) with a moderate to large effect size (rrm = 0.462), indicating an impaired cerebral pressure-flow autoregulation. The slopes of the rSO2-mean arterial pressure correlations were steeper in patients who were hypotensive (mean arterial pressure <50 mm Hg) compared to patients having a mean arterial pressure ≥50 mm Hg, indicating that at lower mean arterial pressure, the cerebral pressure dependence of cerebral oxygenation is even more pronounced. Conclusion: During sevoflurane anesthesia in the youngest pediatric patients, cerebral perfusion is pressure-dependent, suggesting that the efficiency of the cerebral blood flow autoregulation is limited.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)563-569
TidskriftPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volym31
Nummer5
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 feb. 2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Anestesi och intensivvård

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