Heart failure (HF) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) chronically reduce cerebral perfusion, which negatively affects clinical outcome. This work demonstrates a strong relationship between cerebral artery cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) expression and altered cerebrovascular reactivity in HF and SAH. In HF and SAH, CFTR corrector compounds (C18 or lumacaftor) normalize pathological alterations in cerebral artery CFTR expression, vascular reactivity, and cerebral perfusion, without affecting systemic hemodynamic parameters. This normalization correlates with reduced neuronal injury. Therefore, CFTR therapeutics have emerged as valuable clinical tools to manage cerebrovascular dysfunction, impaired cerebral perfusion, and neuronal injury.