Clinical characteristics, impairment, and psychiatric morbidity in 102 youth with misophonia

Andrew Guzick, Matti Cervin, Eleanor Smith, Jane Clinger, Isabel Draper, Wayne K. Goodman, Marijn Lijffijt, Nicholas Murphy, Adam Lewin, Sophie C. Schneider, Eric Storch

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


There is little information on the clinical presentation, functional impact, and psychiatric characteristics of misophonia in youth, an increasingly recognized syndrome characterized by high emotional reactivity to certain sounds and associated visual stimuli.
One-hundred-two youth (8–17 years-old) with misophonia and their parents were recruited and compared with 94 youth with anxiety disorders. Participants completed validated assessments of misophonia severity, quality of life, as well as psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses.
The most common misophonia triggers included eating (96 %), breathing (84 %), throat sounds (66 %), and tapping (54 %). Annoyance/irritation, verbal aggression, avoidance behavior, and family impact were nearly universal. Misophonia severity was associated with internalizing symptoms, child-reported externalizing behaviors, and poorer quality of life. High rates of comorbidity with internalizing and neurodevelopmental disorders were found. Quality of life and externalizing behaviors were not significantly different between misophonia and anxiety samples; internalizing symptoms and autism characteristics were significantly higher among youth with anxiety disorders.
This self-selected sample was characterized by limited multicultural diversity.
This study presents misophonia as a highly impairing psychiatric syndrome. Future interdisciplinary work should clarify the mechanisms of misophonia, establish evidence-based treatments, and extend these findings to randomly sampled and more culturally diverse populations.
Sidor (från-till)395-402
TidskriftJournal of Affective Disorders
StatusPublished - 2022 dec. 28

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Psykiatri


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