Combined electrical resistivity tomography and magnetic resonance sounding investigation of the surface-water/groundwater interaction in the Urema Graben, Mozambique

FARISSE JOAO CHIRINDJA, Torleif Dahlin, Nils Perttu, Franziska Steinbruch, Richard Owen

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

241 Nedladdningar (Pure)

Sammanfattning

This study focusses on the hydrogeology of Urema Graben, especially possible interactions between surface water and groundwater around Lake Urema, in Gorongosa National Park (GNP). Lake Urema is the only permanent water source for wildlife inside GNP, and there are concerns that it will disappear due to interferences in surface-water/groundwater interactions as a result of changes in the hydraulic environment. As the lake is the only permanent water source, this
would be a disaster for the ecosystem of the park. The subsurface geology in Urema Graben was investigated by 20 km of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) and three magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) surveys. The average depth penetration was 60 and 100 m, respectively. The location of the ERT lines was decided based on general rift morphology and therefore orientated perpendicular to Urema Graben, from the transitional areas of the margins of the Barue platform in the west to the Cheringoma plateau escarpments in the east. ERT andMRS both indicate a second aquifer, where Urema Lake is a window of the first upper semi-confined aquifer, while the lower aquifer is confined by a clay layer 30–40 m thick. The location and depth of this aquifer suggest that it is probably linked to the Pungwe River which could be a main source of recharge during the dry season. If a dam or any other infrastructure is constructed in Pungwe River upstream ofGNP, the groundwater level will decrease which could lead to drying out of Urema Lake.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1583–1592
Antal sidor10
TidskriftHydrogeology Journal
Volym24
Nummer6
Tidigt onlinedatum2016 maj 5
DOI
StatusPublished - 2016

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Oceanografi, hydrologi, vattenresurser

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