The central problem of this thesis is estimating receiver-sender node positions from measured receiver-sender distances or equivalent measurements. This problem arises in many applications such as microphone array calibration, radio antenna array calibration, mapping and positioning using ultra-wideband and mapping and positioning using round-trip-time measurements between mobile phones and Wi-Fi-units. Previous research has explored some of these problems, creating minimal solvers for instance, but these solutions lack real world implementation. Due to the nature of using different media, finding reliable receiver-sender distances is tough, with many of the measurements being erroneous or to a worse extent missing. Therefore in this thesis, we explore using minimal solvers to create robust solutions, that encompass small erroneous measurements and work around missing and grossly erroneous measurements.
This thesis focuses mainly on Time-of-Arrival measurements using radio technologies such as Two-way-Ranging in Ultra-Wideband and a new IEEE standard 802.11mc found on many WiFi modules. The methods investigated, also related to Computer Vision problems such as Stucture-from-Motion. As part of this thesis, a range of new commercial radio technologies are characterised in terms of ranging in real world enviroments. In doing so, we have shown how these technologies can be used as a more accurate alternative to the Global Positioning System in indoor enviroments. Further to these solutions, more methods are proposed for large scale problems when multiple users will collect the data, commonly known as Big Data. For these cases, more data is not always better, so a method is proposed to try find the relevant data to calibrate large systems.
- Åström, Kalle, handledare
- Oskarsson, Magnus, handledare
- Tufvesson, Fredrik, handledare
- Bernhardsson, Bo, handledare
|Sponsorer för avhandling|
|Tilldelningsdatum||2020 okt. 2|
|Status||Published - 2020 sep. 8|
Place: Lecture hall MH:Gårding, Matematicum, Sölvegatan 18, Faculty of Engineering LTH, Lund University, Lund
Name: Kuusniemi, Heidi
Affiliation: University of Vaasa, Finland.
- Datorseende och robotik (autonoma system)