There is a growing interest for the possibility of using peripheral blood cells (including platelets) as markers for mitochondrial function in less accessible tissues. Only a few studies have examined the correlation between respiration in blood and muscle tissue, with small sample sizes and conflicting results. This study investigated the correlation of mitochondrial respiration within and across tissues. Additional analyses were performed to elucidate which blood cell type would be most useful for assessing systemic mitochondrial function. There was a significant but weak within tissue correlation between platelets and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Neither PBMCs nor platelet respiration correlated significantly with muscle respiration. Muscle fibers from a group of athletes had higher mass-specific respiration, due to higher mitochondrial content than non-athlete controls, but this finding was not replicated in either of the blood cell types. In a group of patients with primary mitochondrial diseases, there were significant differences in blood cell respiration compared to healthy controls, particularly in platelets. Platelet respiration generally correlated better with the citrate synthase activity of each sample, in comparison to PBMCs. In conclusion, this study does not support the theory that blood cells can be used as accurate biomarkers to detect minor alterations in muscle respiration. However, in some instances, pronounced mitochondrial abnormalities might be reflected across tissues and detectable in blood cells, with more promising findings for platelets than PBMCs.

StatusPublished - 2024 mars 15

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området

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