Critical conditions for onset of mould growth under varying climate conditions

Tord Isaksson, Sven Thelandersson, Annika Ekstrand-Tobin, Pernilla Johansson

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Sammanfattning

A performance-based service life design format based on climatic exposure on one hand and "resistance" of materials against mould growth on the other hand, is presented in this paper. A limit state for onset of mould growth is defined as the occurrence of traces of mould observed by microscopy. A dose-response model is proposed by which onset of mould growth can be predicted for an arbitrary climate history of combined relative humidity phi and temperature T. The model is calibrated and verified against a comprehensive set of experimental data published by Viitanen et al. [Viitanen H, Ritschkoff A-C. Mould growth in pine and spruce sapwood in relation to air humidity and temperature. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products; 1991. Report No. 221, 49 p.: Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of mould fungi - effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions in pine and spruce sapwood. Holzforschung 1997;51(1):6-14; Viitanen H. Modelling the time factor in the development of brown rot decay in pine and spruce sapwood - the effect of critical humidity and temperature conditions. Holzforschung 1997:51(2):99-106; Viitanen H. Bjurman J. Mould growth on wood under fluctuating humidity conditions. Material und Organismen 1995;29(1):27-46] describing mould development on spruce and pine sapwood as a function of climatic exposure. The model is applied to predict time to onset of mould growth under natural outdoor climate (under shelter) as well as mould development in building attics and in crawl space foundations. The predicted response shows reasonable agreement with experimental observations and proven experience, although biological processes of this type display great variability. The results show that a generally applicable, quantitative model can be used as a powerful tool for moisture safe design in practice. The model is designed to facilitate continuous improvement of prediction capability by further laboratory testing of various materials under specified climate conditions. In combination with currently available building physics software the model is suitable for moisture safe design of wood-based components in the building envelope. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1712-1721
TidskriftBuilding and Environment
Volym45
Nummer7
DOI
StatusPublished - 2010

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