Delayed Clinical Manifestation of Parkinson's Disease among Physically Active: Do Participants in a Long-Distance Ski Race Have a Motor Reserve?

Tomas T. Olsson, Martina Svensson, Ulf Hållmarker, Stefan James, Tomas Deierborg

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

7 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Background: Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). The explanations for this association are not completely elucidated. We use long-term PD-incidence data from long-distance skiers to study the relationship between exercise and PD. Objective: We aimed to investigate if physical activity is associated with long-term lower risk of PD and if this association could be explained by physically active people being able to sustain more PD neuropathology before clinical symptoms, a motor reserve. Methods: Using a prospective observational design, we studied whether long-distance skiers of the Swedish Vasaloppet (n = 197,685), exhibited reduced incidence of PD compared to matched individuals from the general population (n = 197,684) during 21 years of follow-up (median 10, interquartile range (IQR) 5-15 years). Results: Vasaloppet skiers (median age 36.0 years [IQR 29.0-46.0], 38% women) had lower incidence of PD (HR: 0.71; 95 % CI 0.56-0.90) compared to non-skiers. When reducing risk for reverse causation by excluding PD cases within the first five years from race participation, there was still a trend for lower risk of PD (HR: 0.80; 95 % CI 0.62-1.03). Further, the PD prevalence converged between skiers and non-skiers after 15 years of follow-up, which is more consistent with a motor reserve in the physically active rather than neuroprotection. Conclusions: A physical active lifestyle is associated with reduced risk for PD. This association weakens with time and might be explained by a motor reserve among the physically active.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)267-274
Antal sidor8
TidskriftJournal of Parkinson's Disease
Volym10
Nummer1
DOI
StatusPublished - 2020

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Neurologi
  • Idrottsvetenskap

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