Objective: To develop an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify the levels of specific aggrecan fragments generated by aggrecanase-mediated cleavage at the (373)Glu-(374)Ala bond within the aggrecan interglobular domain. Methods: The ELISA employs a commercially available monoclonal antibody to capture aggrecan fragments containing keratan sulfate (KS). Aggrecan fragments generated by cleavage at the Glu-Ala bond were then detected using a monoclonal neoepitope antibody (mAb OA-1) that specifically recognizes the N-terminal sequence 'ARGSVIL'. Results: The mAb OA-1 antibody was highly specific for the immunizing neoepitope peptide since neither peptides spanning the cleavage site nor mutated peptides were detected. Aggrecan fragments generated by ADAMTS-4 digested human aggrecan monomers and from IL-1-stimulated human cartilage explants were quantified by the ELISA, and we observed increased sensitivity of the ELISA compared to mAb OA-1 Western analysis. We also observed that the basal, as well as IL-1-stimulated production of ARGS aggrecan fragments from human articular cartilage explants was blocked by a selective aggrecanase inhibitor, consistent with generation of the ARGS neoepitope in human articular cartilage being mediated by aggrecanase. Using purified human aggrecan digested by ADAMTS-4 as standard to quantify ARGS aggrecan fragments in human synovial fluids, we determined that the calculated amount of ARGSVIL-aggrecan fragments by ELISA measurement is in agreement with the published levels of these fragments, supporting its potential utility as a biomarker assay for osteoarthritis. Conclusion: We have developed an assay that detects and quantifies specific aggrecan fragments generated by aggrecanase-mediated cleavage. Because aggrecanase mediates degradation of human articular aggrecan in joint disease, the KS/mAb OA-1 ELISA may serve as a biomarker assay for evaluation of preclinical and clinical samples. (C) 2006 OsteoArthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Tidskrift||Osteoarthritis and Cartilage|
|Status||Published - 2006|
- Reumatologi och inflammation