The autoimmune checkpoint during B cell maturation eliminates self-antigen reactive specificities from the mature B cell repertoire. However, an exception to this rule is illustrated by B-1 cells, an innate-like self-reactive B cell subset that is positively selected into the mature B cell pool in a self-antigen-driven fashion. The mechanisms by which B-1 cells escape central tolerance have puzzled the field for decades. A key clue comes from their restricted developmental window during fetal and neonatal life. Here we use B-1 cells as a prototypic early life derived B cell subset to explore developmental changes in the constraints of B cell selection. We discuss recent advancements in the understanding of the molecular program, centered around the RNA binding protein Lin28b, that licenses self-reactive B-1 cell output during ontogeny. Finally, we speculate on the possible link between the unique rules of early life B cell tolerance and the establishment of B cell – microbial mutualism to propose an integrated model for how developmental and environmental cues come together to create a protective layer of B cell memory involved in neonatal immune imprinting.
- Immunologi inom det medicinska området
- Cell- och molekylärbiologi