Purpose: Suspected airway foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common event in paediatric emergency units, especially in children under 3 years of age. It can be a life-threatening event if not diagnosed promptly and accurately. The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic performance of an ultralow-dose CT (DLP of around 1 mGycm) with that of conventional radiographic methods (fluoroscopy and chest radiography of the airways) in the diagnosis of FBA children’s airways. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Data from 136 children were collected: 75 were examined with conventional radiographic methods and 61 with ultralow-dose CT. Effective doses were compared using independent t tests. The results of bronchoscopy, if performed, were used in creating contingency 2 × 2 tables to assess the diagnostic performance between modalities. An extra triple reading of all images was applied for this purpose. Results: The effective doses used in the ultralow-dose CT examinations were lower compared with those in conventional methods (p < 0.001). The median dose for CT was 0.04 mSv compared with 0.1 mSv for conventional methods. Sensitivity and specificity were higher for ultralow-dose CT than those for conventional methods (100% and 98% versus 33% and 96%) as were the positive and negative predicted values (90% and 100% versus 60% and 91%). Conclusion: Ultralow-dose CT can be used as the imaging of choice in the diagnosis of airway FBA in emergency settings, thereby avoiding concerns about radiation doses and negative bronchoscopy outcomes.
|Status||Published - 2020 mars 9|
- Radiologi och bildbehandling