Did Gender-Bias Matter in the Quantity-Quality Trade-off in 19th Century France?

Claude Diebolt, Tapas Mishra, Faustine Perrin

Forskningsoutput: Working paper/PreprintWorking paper

164 Nedladdningar (Pure)


Recent theoretical developments of growth models, especially on unified theories of growth, suggest that the child quantity-quality trade-off has been a central element of the transition from Malthusian stagnation to sustained growth. Using an original censusbased dataset, this paper explores the role of gender on the trade-off between education and fertility across 86 French counties during the nineteenth century, as an empirical extension of Diebolt-Perrin (2013). We first test the existence of the child quantity-quality
trade-off in 1851. Second, we explore the long-run effect of education on fertility from a gendered approach. Two important results emerge: (i) significant and negative association between education and fertility is found, and (ii) such a relationship is non-unique over the
distribution of education/fertility. While our results suggest the existence of a negative and significant effect of the female endowments in human capital on the fertility transition, the effects of negative endowment almost disappear at low level of fertility.
UtgivareDepartment of Economics, Lund University
Antal sidor56
StatusPublished - 2015


NamnLund Papers in Economic History. Population Economics

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk historia


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