Differences in the justification of choices in moral dilemmas: effects of gender, time pressure and dilemma seriousness.

Forskningsoutput: KonferensbidragKonferensabstractPeer review

Originalspråkengelska
StatusPublished - 2003
EvenemangAnnual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), 2002 - Savannah, GA, USA
Varaktighet: 2002 jan. 312002 feb. 2

Konferens

KonferensAnnual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), 2002
Land/TerritoriumUSA
OrtSavannah, GA
Period2002/01/312002/02/02

Bibliografisk information

Abstract: The effects on moral reasoning of gender, time pressure and seriousness of the issue at hand were investigated. In Experiment 1, 72 university students were presented with moral dilemmas and asked what actions the actors involved should take and to justify this. Women were found to be more care-oriented in their reasoning than men, supporting Gilligan’s (1982) moral judgment model. Both time pressure and consideration of non-serious as opposed to serious moral dilemmas led to an increase in a justice orientation as compared to a care orientation in moral judgments. In Experiment 2, a similar task was given to 80 persons of mixed age and profession, and the participants’ moral reasoning was coded in terms of its being either duty-orientated (duty, obligations, rights) or consequence-oriented (effects on others). Men were found to be more duty-oriented than women, and time pressure to lead to a greater incidence of duty orientation.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Psykologi

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