Objective: This study aims to characterize the molecular signatures of sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs). Methods: Three SCTs were analyzed with whole genome genotyping. RNA sequencing of 10 SCTs dominated by mature, immature and neuroglial elements was analyzed. Expression in SCT-samples with different elements were compared to each other and to a reference group of malignant pediatric tumors. Macrophages, T- and B-lymphocytes were detected by immunohistochemistry. Results: No chromosomal imbalances were detected. SCTs showed overexpression of genes involved in neurosignaling, DNA-binding molecules and pathways of early germ cells. Genes associated with immune effector processes were overexpressed in mature compared to immature SCTs, and immune cell infiltration was found predominantly around mature epithelial elements. Conclusion: The broad repertoire of histological elements in SCTs reflects differences in transcriptional regulation rather than differences in gene copy numbers. A paucity of immune response in immature SCTs may be a factor contributing to their uninhibited growth.
- Cancer och onkologi