Despite the enormous amount of attention CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 has received, we are still lacking an in-depth understanding of its basic properties. In particular, the directional mechanical and structural characteristics of this material have remained elusive. Here, we investigate these properties by monitoring the propagation of longitudinal and shear phonons following the absorption of a femtosecond pulse along various crystalline directions of a CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 single crystal. We first extract the sound velocities of longitudinal and transverse phonons along these directions of the crystal. Our study then reveals the negative directional thermal expansion of CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 , which is responsible for strong coherent shear phonon generation. Finally, from these observations, we perform elastic characterization of this material, revealing a large directional Poisson's ratio, which reaches 0.7 and that we associate with the weak mechanical stability of this material. Our results also provide guidelines to fabricate a transducer of high-frequency transverse phonons.
- Fysikalisk kemi