Dose-reduced [18F]PSMA-1007 PET is feasible for functional imaging of the renal cortex

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Sammanfattning

Background
In Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT), there is significant renal uptake. The standard in renal cortical functional imaging is scintigraphy with technetium-99m labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). Using [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET for renal imaging has been suggested, but using [18F]PSMA-1007 has not been explored. The aims of this study were to establish the optimal time point for renal imaging after [18F]PSMA-1007 injection, to investigate the reproducibility of split renal uptake measurements, and to determine the margin for reduction in administered activity.

Methods
Twelve adult male patients with prostate cancer underwent [18F]PSMA-1007 PET-CT at 8 time points up to 5.5 h post-injection (p.i.). List-mode data were binned to durations of 10 to 120 s per bed position (bp). Left renal percentage of total renal uptake (LRU%) was measured, and the difference between highest and lowest measurement per patient (“delta max”) was calculated. Images acquired at 1 h, 2 h, and 5.5 h p.i. with durations of 10 to 120 s/bp were rated regarding image quality.

Results
Imaging at 2 h p.i. with 60 s/bp yielded acceptable quality in all cases. Increasing acquisition time to 15 min for a single bp would allow reducing administered activity to 0.27 MBq/kg, resulting in an effective dose of 0.4 mSv for a 1-year old child weighing 10 kg. The median delta max of LRU% measurements was 2.7% (range 1.8–7.3%).

Conclusions
Renal [18F]PSMA-1007 PET-CT is feasible, with imaging 2 h p.i., acceptable split renal uptake variability, and effective dose and acquisition time comparable to those of [99mTc]Tc-DMSA scintigraphy.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer70
Sidor (från-till)1-11
TidskriftEJNMMI Physics
Volym8
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi
  • Radiologi och bildbehandling

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