Effect of Complement on HIV-2 Plasma Antiviral Activity Is Intratype Specific and Potent

Gülsen Özkaya Sahin, Birgitta G Holmgren, Enas Sheik-Khalil, Zacarias da Silva, Jens Nielsen, Salma Nowroozalizadeh, Fredrik Månsson, Hans Norrgren, Peter Aaby, Eva Maria Fenyö, Marianne Jansson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Human immunodeficiency virus type-2 (HIV-2) infected individuals develop immunodeficiency with a considerable delay and transmit the virus at a lower rate as compared to HIV-1 infected. Conceivably, comparative studies on immune responsiveness of the HIV-1 and HIV-2 infected hosts may help to explain differences in pathogenesis and transmission between the two types of infection. Previous studies have shown that the neutralizing antibody response is more potent and broader in HIV-2 than HIV-1 infection. In the present study we have further examined the function of the humoral immune response and studied the potentiating effect of complement (C') on antiviral activity of plasma from singly HIV-1 or HIV-2 infected, as well as HIV-1/HIV-2 dually infected individuals. Neutralization and antibody-dependent complement-mediated inactivation of HIV-1 and HIV-2 isolates were tested in a plaque reduction assay using U87.CD4-CCR5 cells. Results showed that addition of C' increased intra-type antiviral activity of both HIV-1 and HIV-2 plasma, although the C' effect was more pronounced with HIV-2 than HIV-1 plasma. Using the area-under-curve (AUC)-based readout, multivariate statistical analysis confirmed that type of HIV infection was independently associated with the magnitude of the C' effect. Analysis carried out with purified IgG indicated that the C' effect was largely exerted through the classical C' pathway involving IgG in both HIV-1 and HIV-2 infections. In summary, these findings suggest that antibody binding to HIV-2 structures facilitates efficient use of C', and may thereby be one factor contributing to a strong antiviral activity present in HIV-2 infection.
Sidor (från-till)273-281
TidskriftJournal of Virology
StatusPublished - 2013

Bibliografisk information

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Infectious Diseases Research Unit (013242010), Faculty of Medicine (000022000), Division of Medical Microbiology (013250400), Division of Infection Medicine (SUS) (013008000)

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området


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