Effect of primary tumour resection without curative intent in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumours of the small intestine and right colon: meta-analysis

Klaas Van Den Heede, Swathikan Chidambaram, Sam Van Slycke, Nele Brusselaers, Carl Fredrik Warfvinge, Håkan Ohlsson, Erik Nordenström, Martin Almquist

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND: Patients with small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours (siNETs) usually present with advanced disease. Primary tumour resection without curative intent is controversial in patients with metastatic siNETs. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate survival after primary tumour resection without curative intent compared with no resection in patients with metastatic siNETs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed, using MEDLINE® (PubMed), Embase®, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library up to 25 February 2021. Studies were included if survival after primary tumour resection versus no resection in patients with metastatic siNETs was reported. Results were pooled in a random-effects meta-analysis, and are reported as hazard ratios (HRs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals. Sensitivity analyses were undertaken to enable comment on the impact of important confounders. RESULTS: After screening 3659 abstracts, 16 studies, published between 1992 and 2021, met the inclusion criteria, with a total of 9428 patients. Thirteen studies reported HRs adjusted for important confounders and were included in the meta-analysis. Median overall survival was 112 (i.q.r. 82-134) months in the primary tumour resection group compared with 60 (74-88) months in the group without resection. Five-year overall survival rates were 74 (i.q.r. 67-77) and 44 (34-45) per cent respectively. Primary tumour resection was associated with improved survival compared with no resection (HR 0.55, 95 per cent c.i. 0.47 to 0.66). This effect remained in sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Primary tumour resection is associated with increased survival in patients with advanced, metastatic siNETs, even after adjusting for important confounders.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)191-199
Antal sidor9
TidskriftThe British journal of surgery
Volym109
Nummer2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2022 feb.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

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