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Introduction: Chronic lung disorders involve pathological alterations in the lung tissue with hypoxia as a consequence. Hypoxia may influence the release of inflammatory mediators and growth factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and prostaglandin (PG)E 2. The aim of this work was to investigate how hypoxia affects human lung epithelial cells in combination with profibrotic stimuli and its correlation to pathogenesis. Methods: Human bronchial (BEAS-2B) and alveolar (hAELVi) epithelial cells were exposed to either hypoxia (1% O 2) or normoxia (21% O 2) during 24 h, with or without transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1. mRNA expression of genes and proteins related to disease pathology were analysed with qPCR, ELISA or immunocytochemistry. Alterations in cell viability and metabolic activity were determined. Results: In BEAS-2B and hAELVi, hypoxia significantly dowregulated genes related to fibrosis, mitochondrial stress, oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation whereas VEGF receptor 2 increased. Hypoxia increased the expression of Tenascin-C, whereas both hypoxia and TGF-β1 stimuli increased the release of VEGF, IL-6, IL-8 and MCP-1 in BEAS-2B. In hAELVi, hypoxia reduced the release of fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor, PGE 2, IL-6 and IL-8, whereas TGF-β1 stimulus significantly increased the release of PGE 2 and IL-6. TGF-β1 stimulated BEAS-2B cells showed a decreased release of VEGF-A and IL-8, while TGF-β1 stimulated hAELVi cells showed a decreased release of PGE 2 and IL-8 during hypoxia compared to normoxia. Metabolic activity was significantly increased by hypoxia in both epithelial cell types. Discussion: In conclusion, our data indicate that bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells respond differently to hypoxia and profibrotic stimuli. The bronchial epithelium appears more responsive to changes in oxygen levels and remodelling processes compared to the alveoli, suggesting that hypoxia may be a driver of pathogenesis in chronic lung disorders.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer1094245
Sidor (från-till)1-13
TidskriftFrontiers in Physiology
Volym14
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023

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Copyright © 2023 Berggren-Nylund, Ryde, Löfdahl, Ibáñez-Fonseca, Kåredal, Westergren-Thorsson, Tufvesson and Larsson-Callerfelt.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi

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