Pulmonary artery grafts are needed as cardiovascular bioprosthetics. For successful tissue recellularization after transplantation, lipids have to be removed from the donor artery. Developing a selective process to remove lipids without damaging the extracellular matrix greatly depends on knowing the amount and type of lipid compounds in the specific tissue. Here we present an efficient methodology for the study of lipids present in porcine pulmonary arteries. The performance of six extraction methods to recover lipids from artery was evaluated. For this purpose, a supercritical fluid chromatography method coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry detection (UHPSFC/QTOF-MS) was adapted. The method enabled separation of lipids of a wide range of polarity according to lipid class in less than 7 min. One dichloromethane-based extraction method was shown to be the most efficient one for the recovery of lipids from pulmonary artery. However, one MTBE-based extraction method was able to show the highest fatty acid extraction yields (to the expense of longer extraction times). Lipids were relative quantified according to class, and the major species within each class were identified. Triacylglycerols and glycerophospholipids were the most abundant classes, followed by sphingomyelins, monoacylglycerols and fatty acyls. The matrix effect exerted no interference on the analytical method, except for some few combinations of extraction method and lipid class. These results are of relevance for lipidomic studies from solid tissue, in particular for studies on pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. Finally, our work sets the basis for the further development of a selective processes to remove lipids from pulmonary artery without damaging the tissue prior to transplantation.