Experiences matter: A longitudinal study of individual-level sources of declining social trust in the United States

Jan Mewes, Malcolm Fairbrother, Nick Giordano, Cary Wu, Rima Wilkes

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

5 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

The US has experienced a substantial decline in social trust in recent decades. Surprisingly few studies analyze whether individual-level explanations can account for this decrease. We use three-wave panel data from the General Social Survey (2006–2014) to study the effects of four possible individual-level sources of changes in social trust: job loss, social ties, income, and confidence in political institutions. Findings from fixed-effects linear regression models suggest that all but social ties matter. We then use 1973–2018 GSS data to predict trust based on observed values for unemployment, confidence in institutions, and satisfaction with income, versus an alternative counterfactual scenario in which the values of those three predictors are held constant at their mean levels in the early 1970s. Predicted values from these two scenarios differ substantially, suggesting that decreasing confidence in institutions and increasing unemployment scarring may explain about half of the observed decline in US social trust.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer102537
TidskriftSocial Science Research
Volym95
Tidigt onlinedatum2021
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Sociologi (exklusive socialt arbete, socialpsykologi och socialantropologi)

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