Malfunction and amyloid formation of the Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP) are factors contributing to Type 2 diabetes. Unravelling the mechanism of IAPP aggregate formation may forward our understanding of this process and its effect on pancreatic β-islet cell. Such mechanistic studies require access to sequence homogeneous and highly pure IAPP. Here we present a new facile protocol for the production of pure recombinant human IAPP at relatively high yield. The protocol uses a His-tagged version of the Npro mutant EDDIE, which drives expression to inclusion bodies, from which the peptide is purified using sonication, refolding and auto-cleavage, removal of EDDIE using Ni-NTA chromatography and reverse-phase HPLC. The purified material is used at multiple concentrations in aggregation kinetics measurements monitored by thioflavin-T fluorescence. Global analysis of the data implies a double nucleation aggregation mechanism including both primary and secondary nucleation.
- Biokemi och molekylärbiologi