Familial Segregation of Venous Thromboembolism in Sweden: A Nationwide Family Study of Heritability and Complex Segregation Analysis

Bengt Zöller, Mirnabi Pirouzifard, Peter J. Svensson, Björn Holmquist, Emelie Stenman, Robert C. Elston, Yuenjoo E. Song, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


This is the first nationwide segregation analysis that aimed to determine whether familial venous thromboembolism (VTE) is attributable to inheritance and/or shared environment, and the possible mode of inheritance.

Methods and Results
The Swedish Multi‐Generation Register was linked to the Swedish patient register for the period 1964 to 2015. Three generational families of Swedish‐born individuals were identified. Heritability was examined using Falconer regression. Complex segregation analysis was conducted using the Statistical Analysis for Genetic Epidemiology software (version 6.4, 64‐bit Linux). Among the 4 301 174 relatives from 450 558 pedigrees, 177 865 (52% women) individuals were affected with VTE. VTE occurred in 2 or more affected relatives in 61 217 (13.6%) of the pedigrees. Heritability showed age and sex dependence with higher heritability for men and young individuals. In 18 933 pedigrees, VTE occurred only in the first generation and was not inherited. Segregation analysis was performed in the remaining 42 284 pedigrees with inherited VTE and included 939 192 individuals. Prevalence constraints were imposed in the models to allow for the selection of the pedigrees analyzed. The sporadic nongenetic model could be discarded. The major‐type‐only model, with a correlation structure compatible with some polygenic effects, was the preferred model. Among the Mendelian models, the mixed codominant (plus polygenic) model was preferred.

This nationwide segregation analysis of VTE supports a genetic cause of the familial aggregation of VTE. Heritability was higher for men and younger individuals, suggesting a Carter effect, in agreement with a multifactorial threshold inheritance.
TidskriftJournal of the American Heart Association
StatusPublished - 2021 dec. 12

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kardiologi


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