Fixed Point Iterations for Finite Sum Monotone Inclusions

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

43 Nedladdningar (Pure)


This thesis studies two families of methods for finding zeros of finite sums of monotone operators, the first being variance-reduced stochastic gradient (VRSG) methods. This is a large family of algorithms that use random sampling to improve the convergence rate compared to more traditional approaches. We examine the optimal sampling distributions and their interaction with the epoch length. Specifically, we show that in methods like SAGA, where the epoch length is directly tied to the random sampling, the optimal sampling becomes more complex compared to for instance L-SVRG, where the epoch length can be chosen independently. We also show that biased VRSG estimates in the style of SAG are sensitive to the problem setting. More precisely, a significantly larger step-size can be used when the monotone operators are cocoercive gradients compared to when they just are cocoercive. This is noteworthy since the standard gradient descent is not affected by this change and the fact that the sensitivity to the problem assumption vanishes when the estimates are unbiased.
The second set of methods we examine are deterministic operator splitting methods and we focus on frameworks for constructing and analyzing such splitting methods. One such framework is based on what we call nonlinear resolvents and we present a novel way of ensuring convergence of iterations of nonlinear resolvents by the means of a momentum term. This approach leads in many cases to cheaper per-iteration cost compared to a previously established projection approach. The framework covers many existing methods and we provide a new primal-dual method that uses an extra resolvent step as well as a general approach for adding momentum to any special case of our nonlinear resolvent method. We use a similar concept to the nonlinear resolvent to derive a representation of the entire class of frugal splitting operators, which are splitting operators that use exactly one direct or resolvent evaluation of each operator of the monotone inclusion problem. The representation reveals several new results regarding lifting numbers, existence of solution maps, and parallelizability of the forward/backward evaluations. We show that the minimal lifting is n − 1 − f where n is the number of monotone operators and f is the number of direct evaluations in the splitting. A new convergent and parallelizable frugal splitting operator with minimal lifting is also presented.
Tilldelande institution
  • Institutionen för reglerteknik
  • Giselsson, Pontus, handledare
  • Banert, Sebastian, handledare
  • Bernhardsson, Bo, handledare
Tilldelningsdatum2022 nov. 25
ISBN (tryckt)978-91-8039-409-3
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-91-8039-410-9
StatusPublished - 2022 nov. 1

Bibliografisk information

Defence details
Date: 2022-11-25
Time: 10:15
Place: Lecture hall A, building KC4, Naturvetarvägen 18, Lund. Zoom:
External reviewer(s)
Name: Mathias Staudigl
Title: Associate professor
Affiliation: Maastricht University, Holland.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Reglerteknik


  • monotone inclusions
  • operator splitting


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