Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: The European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition

M Schulz, PH Lahmann, H Boeing, K Hoffmann, N Allen, TJA Key, S Bingham, Elisabet Wirfält, Göran Berglund, E Lundin, G Hallmans, A Lukanova, CM Garcia, CA Gonzalez, MJ Tormo, JR Quiros, E Ardanaz, N Larranaga, E Lund, IT GramG Skeie, PHM Peeters, CH van Gils, HB Bueno-de-Mesquita, FL Buchner, P Pasanisi, R Galasso, D Palli, R Tumino, P Vineis, A Trichopoulou, V Kalapothaki, D Trichopoulos, J Chang-Claude, J Linseisen, MC Boutron-Ruault, M Touillaud, F Clavel-Chapelon, A Olsen, A Tjonneland, K Overvad, M Tetsche, M Jenab, T Norat, R Kaaks, E Riboli

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Objective: The association between consumption of fruit and vegetables and risk of ovarian cancer is still unclear from a prospective point of view. Methods: Female participants (n = 325,640) of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, free of any cancer at baseline, were followed on average for 6.3 years to develop ovarian cancer. During 2,049,346 person-years, 581 verified cases of primary, invasive epithelial ovarian cancer were accrued. Consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as subgroups of vegetables, estimated from validated dietary questionnaires and calibrated thereafter, was related to ovarian cancer incidence in multivariable hazard regression models. Histologic subtype specific analyses were done. Results: Total intake of fruit and vegetables, separately or combined, as well as subgroups of vegetables (fruiting, root, leafy vegetables, cabbages) was unrelated to risk of ovarian cancer. A high intake of garlic/onion vegetables was associated with a borderline significant reduced risk of this cancer. The examination by histologic subtype indicated some differential effects of fruit and vegetable intake on ovarian cancer risk. Conclusion: Overall, a high intake of fruits and vegetables did not seem to protect from ovarian cancer. Garlic/onion vegetables may exert a beneficial effect. The study of the histologic subtype of the tumor warrants further investigation.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2531-2535
TidskriftCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention
Volym14
Nummer11
DOI
StatusPublished - 2005

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Cancer och onkologi

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