Further Validity Evidence for Patient-Specific Virtual Reality Temporal Bone Surgical Simulation

Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Brad Hittle, Maria Värendh, Julian Lee, Varun Varadarajan, Kimerly A. Powell, Gregory J. Wiet

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Objective: Patient-specific virtual reality (VR) simulation of cochlear implant (CI) surgery potentially enables preoperative rehearsal and planning. We aim to gather supporting validity evidence for patient-specific simulation through the analysis of virtual performance and comparison with postoperative imaging. Methods: Prospective, multi-institutional study. Pre- and postoperative cone-beam CT scans of CI surgical patients were obtained and processed for patient-specific VR simulation. The virtual performances of five trainees and four attendings were recorded and (1) compared with volumes removed during actual surgery as determined in postoperative imaging, and (2) assessed using the Copenhagen Cochlear Implant Surgery Assessment Tool (CISAT) by two blinded raters. The volumes compared were cortical mastoidectomy, facial recess, and round window (RW) cochleostomy as well as violation of the facial nerve and chorda. Results: Trainees drilled more volume in the cortical mastoidectomy and facial recess, whereas attendings drilled more volume for the RW cochleostomy and made more violations. Except for the cochleostomy, attendings removed volumes closer to that determined in postoperative imaging. Trainees achieved a higher CISAT performance score compared with attendings (22.0 vs. 18.4 points) most likely due to lack of certain visual cues. Conclusion: We found that there were differences in performance of trainees and attendings in patient-specific VR simulation of CI surgery as assessed by raters and in comparison with actual drilled volumes. The presented approach of volume comparison is novel and might be used for further validation of patient-specific VR simulation before clinical implementation for preoperative rehearsal in temporal bone surgery. Level of Evidence: n/a Laryngoscope, 2023.

StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

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