G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER, GPR 30) in normal human endometrium and early pregnancy decidua.

Zuzana Kolkova, Vera Casslén, Anna Ehinger, Stefan Hansson, Bertil Casslén

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48 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

The recently identified trans-membrane G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER, GPR30) has been implicated in rapid non-genomic effects of estrogens. This focusses on expression and localization of GPER mRNA and protein in normal cyclic endometrium and early pregnancy decidua. Real-time PCR, Western blotting, in situ hybridization, and immuno-histochemistry were used. Endometrial expression of GPER mRNA was lower in the secretory phase than in the proliferative phase , and even lower in the decidua. The expression pattern was similar to that of ERalpha mRNA, but different from that of ERss mRNA. Western blot detected GPER protein as a 54 kDa band in all endometrial and decidual samples. In contrast to the mRNA, GPER protein did not show cyclic variations. Apparently, a lower amount of mRNA is sufficient to maintain protein levels in the secretory phase. GPER mRNA was predominantly localized in the epithelium of mid and late proliferative phase endometrium, whereas expression in early proliferative and secretory glands could not be distinguished from the diffuse stromal signal, which was present throughout the cycle. Immuno-staining for GPER was stronger in glandular and luminal epithelium than in the stroma throughout the cycle. The cyclic variations of GPER mRNA obviously relate to strong epithelial expression in the proliferative phase, and the expression pattern suggests regulation by ovarian steroids. GPER protein is present in endometrial tissue throughout the cycle, and the epithelial localization suggests potential functions during sperm migration at midcycle as well as decidualization and blastocyst implantation in the mid-secretory phase.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)743-751
TidskriftMolecular Human Reproduction
Volym16
Utgåva10
DOI
StatusPublished - 2010

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi

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