We present a theory to compute the stable gap (interparticle) distance between particle chains collected in the pressure node of an acoustic standing wave. The primary and secondary acoustic radiation forces are the two competing forces that act on the particles during the particle chain formation. The stable equilibrium distance between two chains is reached when both forces are in balance. Most interestingly, the density scattering coefficient appears to the second power in the theoretical prediction of the gap distance, indicating that the particle-chain formation occurs for both particles heavier than the surrounding medium and, notably, also for buoyant particles. Experimentally, the gap distance is evaluated for several different media and particle material combinations and the particle-chain formation is observed for both buoyant
particles and particles heavier than the surrounding medium. The theory agrees well with experiments in the cases where the material properties of the medium and the particles are well known.
Antal sidor10
TidskriftPhysical Review Applied
StatusPublished - 2022 juli 11

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Strömningsmekanik och akustik


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