Gender empowerment as an enforcer of individuals’ choice between education and fertility: Evidence from 19th century France

Claude Diebolt, Tapas Mishra, Faustine Perrin

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

Sammanfattning

Recent theoretical developments in growth models, triggered particularly by unified theories of growth, suggest that the child quantity-quality trade-off is a defining element in our explanation of a transition from Malthusian stagnation to a sustained growth path. This paper presents a model and derive a testable empirical framework to investigate the role of gender in the trade-off between education and fertility for 86 French counties during the 19th century. Endogeneity-mitigated mean- and median-based regressions offer robust empirical predictions for gender-empowered quality-quantity trade-off. In particular, we find the existence of a significant and negative association between education and fertility. Further, while gaging the differential effects of schooling on fertility, we find that the short-run differences between male and female are small whilst the long-run effects are large. From policy perspective, our results imply that for stable long-run growth it matters not just that parents educate their children, but specifically that they choose to educate girls.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)408-438
Antal sidor31
TidskriftJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volym188
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021 aug

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Ekonomisk historia
  • Nationalekonomi

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