Giemsa-negative chromosome bands preferentially recombine in cancer-associated translocations and gene fusions

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Sammanfattning

Chromosome abnormalities, in particular translocations, and gene fusions are hallmarks of neoplasia. Although both have been recognized as important drivers of cancer for decades, our knowledge of the characterizing features of the cytobands involved in recombinations is poorly understood. The present study, based on a comparative analysis of 10 442 translocation breakpoints and 30 762 gene fusions comprising 13 864 protein-coding genes, is the most comprehensive evaluation of the interactions of cytobands participating in the formation of such rearrangements in cancer. The major conclusion is that although large G-negative, gene-rich bands are most frequently involved, the greatest impact was seen for staining properties. Thus, 60% of the recombinations leading to the formation of both translocations and fusion genes take place between two G-negative bands whereas only about 10% involve two G-positive bands. There is compelling evidence that G-negative bands contain more genes than dark staining bands and it has previously been shown that breakpoints involved in structural chromosome rearrangements and in gene fusions preferentially affect gene-rich bands. The present study not only corroborates these findings but in addition demonstrates that the recombination processes favor the joining of two G-negative cytobands and that this feature may be a stronger factor than gene content. It is reasonable to assume that the formation of translocations and fusion genes in cancer cells, irrespective of whether they have a pathogenetically significant impact or not, may be mediated by some underlying mechanisms that either favor the origin or provide a selective advantage for recombinations of G-negative cytobands.

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)61-74
Antal sidor14
TidskriftGenes Chromosomes and Cancer
Volym62
Nummer2
DOI
StatusPublished - 2023 feb.

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Medicinsk genetik

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