Glycolytic enzyme Enolase-1 regulates insulin gene expression in pancreatic β-cell

Xiumei Luo, Cheng Luan, Jingqi Zhou, Yingying Ye, Wei Zhang, Ruchi Jain, Enming Zhang, Ning Chen

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


Enolase-1 (Eno1) plays a critical role in regulating glucose metabolism; however, its specific impact on pancreatic islet β-cells remains elusive. This study aimed to provide a preliminary exploration of Eno1 function in pancreatic islet β-cells. The findings revealed that the expression of ENO1 mRNA in type 2 diabetes donors was significantly increased and positively correlated with HbA1C and negatively correlated with insulin gene expression. A high level of Eno1 in human insulin-secreting rat INS-1832/13 cells with co-localization with intracellular insulin proteins was accordingly observed. Silencing of Eno1 using siRNA or inhibiting Eno1 protein activity with an Eno1 antagonist significantly reduced insulin secretion and insulin content in β-cells, while the proinsulin/insulin content ratio remained unchanged. This reduction in β-cells function was accompanied by a notable decrease in intracellular ATP and mitochondrial cytochrome C levels. Overall, our findings confirm that Eno1 regulates the insulin secretion process, particularly glucose metabolism and ATP production in the β-cells. The mechanism primarily involves its influence on insulin production, suggesting that Eno1 represents a potential target for β-cell protection and diabetes treatment.

TidskriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
StatusPublished - 2024 apr. 30

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes


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