Guided Aspiration for Determining the Microbiological Aetiology of Aortic Vascular Graft and Endograft Infections

Oskar Ljungquist, Nuno Dias, Sven Haidl, Björn Sonesson, Karl Sörelius, Jonas Ahl

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review

2 Citeringar (SciVal)

Sammanfattning

Objective
Open and endovascular aortic repair may be complicated by aortic vascular graft or endograft infection (VGEI). Confirming the microbiological aetiology is a key element in providing the best available treatment to patients with a VGEI. The primary aim of this study was to describe the technique of direct aneurysm sac guided aspiration (DASGA) in determining the microbiological aetiology in a cohort of patients with VGEIs, and to report its diagnostic value.
Methods
This was a retrospective observational single centre study performed between the years 2011 to 2020 in Malmö, Sweden. Patients with a suspected aortic VGEI, where a DASGA was performed at the Vascular Centre, were included in the study.
Results
In total, 31 guided aspirations were performed in 27 patients (25 male [93%]; median age 77 years [range 57 – 82 years]). The combination of culture and 16S rRNA/18S rRNA gave a microbial aetiology in 25/31 (81%) DASGAs. Importantly, excluding three cases where infection was ruled out, this rate increases up to 89%. A polymicrobial aetiology was found in six (24 %) cases. The most common bacteria found were Cutibacterium spp. (n = 8) and Listeria monocytogenes (n = 4). In total, the dominant aetiology could be further characterised into normal gut flora (n = 12; 48%) or skin commensals (n = 8; 32%). No patients had persistent morbidity related to the DASGA.
Conclusion
DASGA can be used successfully to determine the microbiological aetiology of open and endovascular graft infections. This method appears to be safe, with a high success rate for confirming the microbiological aetiology of VGEIs, particularly if standard culturing methods are combined with 16S rRNA/18S rRNA. Finding the causative microbial aetiology is crucial, and in the vast majority of cases translumbar puncture can be used without serious complications.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)935-943
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volym62
Utgåva6
Tidigt onlinedatum2021 okt. 6
DOI
StatusPublished - 2021

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Kirurgi
  • Kardiologi

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