Heel ulcers do heal in patients with diabetes

Hedvig Örneholm, Jan Apelqvist, Jan Larsson, Magnus Eneroth

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskriftPeer review


A heel ulcer is considered to be a serious complication in patients with diabetes, and there is limited information regarding outcome. In most of the literature, a poor prognosis is described. The aim of this study was to investigate a large cohort of ulcers located in the heel in patients with diabetes. Seven hundred and sixty-eight patients [median age 73 (17-98)], presenting with a heel ulcer at a multidisciplinary diabetes foot clinic, fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were followed-up until final outcome. Fifty-eight per cent of the patients healed primarily; 7% healed after major debridement; 9% healed after amputation and 25% died unhealed. Median healing time was 17 weeks. Ulcer progression was seen in 19% of patients. Thirty-one percent of patients had severe peripheral vascular disease. A creatinine level below 91 μmol/l was related to a higher probability for healing without major debridement or amputation, whereas vascular surgery, nephropathy and oedema were related to a lower probability for healing without major debridement or amputation. Two thirds of heel ulcers do heal in patients with diabetes despite patients being elderly and with extensive comorbidity. The extent of peripheral vascular disease, nephropathy, oedema and decreased renal function are important factors influencing outcome.

Sidor (från-till)629-635
TidskriftInternational Wound Journal
Tidigt onlinedatum2016
StatusPublished - 2017

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes


Utforska forskningsämnen för ”Heel ulcers do heal in patients with diabetes”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här