Hepatitis C virus RNA in blood donor sera detected by the polymerase chain reaction: comparison with supplementary hepatitis C antibody assays

Anders Widell, Ann-Sofie Månsson, Gunnar Sundstrom, Bengt-Göran Hansson, Erik Nordenfelt

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Sammanfattning

The low specificity of screening ELISAs for antibodies to hepatitis C virus in blood donors has called for confirmatory tests. Two types of supplementary antibody assays are available, recombinant immunoblot assays (RIBA-1 and RIBA-2) and an antibody consumption test referred to as a neutralization assay. Amplification of viral nucleic acid by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) provides an antibody independent mode of detecting viral infection. We applied reverse transcription-double PCR to detect an HCV 5'-noncoding viral RNA sequence in serum specimens and compared PCR findings with confirmatory antibody tests. This study includes sera from 37 blood donors found positive by the Ortho anti-HCV (C100-3) ELISA out of 14,591 donations. Of the 37 positive sera, 8 were positive by RIBA-1 and 1 further by RIBA-2. Seven of the RIBA positive sera contained HCV RNA by PCR. Among the 8 indeterminate and the 21 negative donor sera by RIBA-I, no PCR positive serum was found. The 37 anti-HCV positive donor sera identified by Ortho ELISA were also tested by Abbott anti-HCV (C100-3) ELISA whereby 22 were positive. Of these 22 sera plus 1 further with ELISA OD just below cutoff, 8 were positive by the neutralization assay, (Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL, USA) and 6 of these, including the borderline serum, were PCR positive. One of the two neutralizable but PCR negative sera was RIBA positive and the other was indeterminate. However, one ELIS. A (Abbott Laboratories) positive (OD 1.99) serum was not neutralizable but nevertheless contained HCV RNA by PCR. Thus in blood donor sera, anti-HCV (C100-3) reactivity confirmed by RIBA or neutralization correlated well with the presence of HCV RNA.
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)253-258
TidskriftJournal of Medical Virology
Volym35
Nummer4
DOI
StatusPublished - 1991

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ)

  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området

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