The binding site of immunoglobulin G (IgG) to herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1-induced Fc receptor was investigated using human IgG Fc intermediate (Fc(i)) fragments, fragment D of staphylococcal protein A (SPA) and chemically modified human IgG. Human IgG Fc(i) fragment composed of one Cgamma2 and two Cgamma3 domains, bound strongly to HSV-1-infected cells. Fragment D, a monovalent subunit of SPA, inhibited the binding of radiolabelled human IgG Fc fragments to the HSV Fc receptor. Reductively methylated human IgG reacted equally well to HSV-infected cells, as did chemically unmodified IgG in contrast to N-acetylimidazole-modified and diethylpyrocarbonate-modifed human IgG, which were unreactive. These results suggest a similar binding site on human IgG for SPA and the HSV-1 Fc receptor with involvement of the amino acid residues Tyr and His but not Lys. The similarities of binding sites on the IgG molecule for the HSV-1 Fc receptor and rheumatoid factors (RF) may be important for understanding the mechanism of RF production in rheumatoid arthritis or other disease states.
|Published - 1989
- Immunologi inom det medicinska området